The paper industry is increasingly turning to non-wood sources and innovative drying techniques
in the quest for more sustainable manufacturing processes. One such breakthrough is steam drying, a method gaining traction for its efficiency and environmental benefits in producing non-wood paper pulp.

The Rise of Non-Wood Pulp

Traditional paper production relies heavily on wood pulp, leading to deforestation and significant
environmental impact. Non-wood pulp, derived from sources like agricultural residues like wheat straw, bamboo, grasses, and other fibrous plants, presents a viable alternative.
These materials are renewable and help reduce waste and conserve forestry resources.

Steam Drying: An Overview

Superheated steam is produced by heating steam beyond its boiling point. This results in a “dry” state with a natural tendency to absorb moisture. This makes it highly effective for drying, as the superheated steam efficiently removes moisture from wet products.

The Exergy Pressurized Superheated Steam Dryer (ExergyPSSD®), invented by Claes Münter, founder of Swedish Exergy, at Chalmers University in Gothenburg in the late 1970s, utilizes this principle. This innovative dryer is a closed, pressurized system and uses superheated steam as the drying medium. Steam drying of pulp with the ExergyPSSD® offers numerous advantages: a high drying rate, high energy recovery, no atmospheric emissions, no risk for fire or explosion during operation, sterilization, and a short residence time.
ExergyPSSD® is a more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly drying technology.

Maximizing Efficiency and Sustainability with ExergyPSSD®



The ExergyPSSD® stands out not only for its efficiency but also for its environmentally friendly and safe design features. One of the key advantages of the ExergyPSSD® is its closed-loop design, which effectively eliminates emissions to the atmosphere. By containing and reusing the superheated steam within a sealed system, this innovative dryer ensures that no pollutants are released into the environment, making it an excellent choice for industries committed to sustainability.

Drying efficiency:

Superheated steam can provide high heat transfer rates, improving drying efficiency.
This can result in faster drying times, reduced energy consumption, and increased productivity.

Energy Efficiency:

All the moisture in the wet pulp becomes steam in the steam dryer. With no stack losses, this steam is not wasted but recovered. It can be used in many other processes within a paper manufacturing facility. It can also be sold as heat energy, used in a carbon capture process, or used to produce green electricity. This steam can also be used as a heat source for ExergyPSSD® with MVR technology (heat pump principle).

Safety and cost efficiency:

The ExergyPSSD® operates in an oxygen-free environment, eliminating the risk of fire or explosion and providing a safer working environment. It minimizes potential safety hazards and protects both personnel and facilities. The ExergyPSSD offers a compact, flexible design with minimal rotating parts, ensuring easy maintenance and high availability. Additionally, it is engineered for 24/7 seamless operation and is easily integrated with other processes for optimal energy efficiency.

Enhanced Product Quality:

Steam drying ensures uniform moisture removal, significantly improving the quality and consistency of the final paper product. ExergyPSSD® also minimizes thermal degradation of the pulp, preserving its natural properties and enhancing fibre strength.

Additional Benefits:

The steam drying process reduces transportation costs, extends storage life, and improves product quality overall, making it a highly efficient and effective solution for paper pulp manufacturing.


Implementation in Non-Wood Pulp Production

Integrating steam drying into the production of non-wood pulp involves adapting existing infrastructure or investing in new steam drying units. While the initial setup cost may be marginally higher than air dryers, long-term energy savings, and operational expenses make it a financially sound investment.
Moreover, the positive environmental impact aligns with growing consumer and regulatory demands for sustainable products.

ExergyPSSD® represents a significant advancement in the sustainable production of non-wood paper pulp. By combining the environmental benefits of non-wood raw materials with the efficiency of steam drying, the paper industry can reduce its ecological footprint while maintaining high quality. This innovative approach supports the conservation of natural resources and promotes a more sustainable and economically viable future for paper manufacturing.



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